Indonesian Journal of Environment and Sustainable Development <p>Welcome to Indonesian Journal of Environment and Sustainable Development or Jurnal Pembangunan dan Alam Lestari.<br /><span style="font-size: 0.875rem;">Indonesian Journal of Environment and Sustainable Development is an interdisciplinary journal with scope aspects of environmental impacts (biophysical and socio-economic) a result of development. The journal also examines the phenomenon of a complex interaction between development and the environment, with the aim of looking for alternative solutions in realizing sustainability of all aspects of human activity development related.</span></p> <p>Since December 18, 2018 J-PAL is <strong>Accredited</strong> by the Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia <a href=""><em>(<strong>No: 34/E/KPT/2018)</strong></em> </a>for <strong>5 years.</strong></p> <h3>Focus and Scope</h3> <ol> <li>Synergistic interactions among communities, development, and the environment and their implications for the sustainability of development</li> <li>Technical, economic, ethical, and philosophical aspects of sustainable development</li> <li>Obstacles and ways to overcome them in realizing sustainable development</li> <li>Local and national development sustainability initiatives, their practical implementation</li> <li>Development and implementation of environmental sustainability indicators</li> <li>Development, verification, implementation, and monitoring of sustainable development policies</li> <li>Aspects of sustainability in the management of land resources, water, energy, and biological, towards sustainable development</li> <li>Impacts of agricultural and forestry activities on the conservation of soil and aquatic ecosystems as well as the preservation of soil and aquatic ecosystems and the preservation of biodiversity</li> <li>The impact of global energy use and climate change on sustainable development</li> <li>The impact of population growth and human activities on the resilience of food and natural resources for sustainable development</li> <li>The role of national and international agencies, as well as international arrangements in realizing sustainable development</li> <li>The social and cultural context of sustainable development</li> <li>The role of education and public awareness in realizing sustainable development</li> <li>The role of political and economic Instruments in sustainable development</li> <li>Alternative realize sustainable development efforts</li> <li>Other topics that are still relevant to the development and environmental sustainability</li> </ol> en-US <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p><ol type="a"><li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution License</a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li><li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li><li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See <a href="" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li></ol><p><img src="/public/site/images/qomaruddin/cc_license_1201.png" alt="" /></p> (Dr.Eng. Akhmad Adi Sulianto, STP.,M.Eng) (Aditya Dedy Purwito, SE) Tue, 13 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Analysis of Solid and Liquid Waste Characteristics of Tofu Industry in Bancar Village, Bungkal District, Ponorogo Regency <p>The tofu industry in Bancar village, Bungkal district, Ponorogo regency, East Java province is still at micro enterprise (MSME) level and is operated with simple technology, so the level of water and raw efficiency is high. Material consumption is still low and waste generation is relatively high. This study aims to analyze the solid and liquid waste characteristics of the tofu industry in Bancar Village, Bungkal District, Ponorogo Regency. To study this case, a sampling technique of solid and liquid waste was carried out and further testing was carried out in the laboratory. Based on the results of the research, the solid waste characteristics of the tofu industry contain moisture content of 93.18%; ash content of 0.21%; crude protein content of 2.77%; crude fiber content of 1.65%; carbohydrate content of 1.88%; calorie content of 21.48 Cal/100 gr. As for liquid waste, it characteristics has 5 parameters to be tested, namely Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD5) has a level of 869.7 mg/L, Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) has a level of 4480 mg/L, Total Suspended Solid (TSS) has a level of 110 mg/L, and pH has a value of 3.95.</p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>characteristics, tofu industry, solid waste, liquid waste</p> Rohima Nostia, Andi Kurniawan, Koderi Copyright (c) 2023 Rohima Nostia, Andi Kurniawan, Koderi Mon, 31 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Diversity and Biotic Index of Wild Pioneer Plants as Potential Bioindicators of Crude Oil-Contaminated Soil in Siak Regency, Riau Province, Indonesia <p>This study aims to determine the spatial variations in the diversity of wild pioneer plants along the gradation of crude oil-polluted soils and to analyze their biotic potential as a bioindicator of crude oil-contaminated soils in Siak Regency. Sampling was done in three oil wells using a purposive sampling method (center, edge, far from the well) measuring 1 x 1 m<sup>2</sup>. The soil at each contamination gradation was composited and analyzed for Total Petroleum Hydrocarbon (TPH) content. Vegetation data were analyzed using biotic indices such as density, Shannon-Wiener distribution index, species richness, rate of endemism, and importance value index. Potential bioindicator was analyzed by regression analysis, biplot, and IndVal. The results showed spatial variations in colonization, diversity, and structure of pioneer plants along the gradation of oil contamination. Species from the Cyperaceae, notably Scleria sumatrensis, Cyperus rotundus, and Fimbristylis ovata, were found in the center of the contamination area and resistant to oil contamination. The regression and biplot analysis revealed that along with the increasing soil TPH, the species richness and diversity index tended to decline, but the rate of endemism increased. IndVal analysis showed that C. rotundus and S. sumatrensis showed a potential bioindicators of oil-contaminated soils with TPH content of 2,700 to 3,300 ppm, while F. ovata, Panicum repens, and Imperata cylindrica was potential for TPH 692 to 851 ppm. Mimosa pudica was a sensitive plant and found on the soil TPH 73 ppm.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> <em> </em>bioindicator, crude oil-contamination, diversity, pioneer plants</p> Dodi Risaundi, Suwondo Suwondo, Endang Arisoesilaningsih Copyright (c) 2023 Dodi Risaundi, Suwondo Suwondo, Endang Arisoesilaningsih Tue, 13 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Greenhouse Salt Tunnel as Innovation to Create Salt Production in the South Coast Malang Regency, Indonesia <p>Seawater is one of the potential resources in Indonesia. One of the commodities that can be produced from seawater is salt. Salt production in Indonesia is done mainly by evaporating seawater. However, weather problems are one of the obstacles to salt production. Alternative innovation to overcome weather problems in salt production is the Greenhouse Salt Tunnel (GST). The application of this innovation allows salt production to be carried out throughout the year. Most salt businesses in East Java are located on the north coast of East Java, while there is no salt production on the South Coast of East Java. One of the locations in East Java that can be used for salt production is the South Coast of Malang Regency. However, studies analyzing the need for innovation to create salt production in the South Coast of Malang Regency have never been reported. This study aimed to analyze the application of GST innovation to create salt production in the South Coast of Malang Regency. The methodologies were analyzing the suitability index of salt production sites, soil elevation analysis, wind direction and speed, and construction requirements for GST. The results show that Gajahrejo Village is very suitable for salt production. The salt production can be conducted using 12 GST constructions on a 2000 m<sup>2</sup> area. According to the results of this study, salt production in the south coast area of Malang Regency can be created using the application of GST innovation. </p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong><em>aquatic resources; greenhouse salt tunnel; solar salts; south coast of Java; technology innovation</em></p> Abd. Aziz Amin, Adi Tiya Yanuar, Rika Kurniaty, Lukman Hakim, Gatot Ardian, M. Amenan, Andi Kurniawan Copyright (c) 2023 Abd. Aziz Amin, Adi Tiya Yanuar, Rika Kurniaty, Lukman Hakim, Gatot Ardian, M. Amenan, Andi Kurniawan Mon, 31 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Community Participation Level of Penggung Village on the Agropolitan Region Development in Kecamatan Bandar Nawangan, Kabupaten Pacitan <p>Pacitan Regency owns abundant natural resources, one of which is in the agricultural sector. In accordance with the RTRW of Pacitan Regency 2005-2025, there is a development plan for the Agropolitan Area in Bandar and Nawangan Sub-districts. This research aims to find out how the level of community participation in the development of the Agropolitan Area of Bandar Nawangan Subdistrict, Pacitan Regency. The descriptive quantitative approach was used to understand how community involvement in Agropolitan Area development planning. The level of community participation was measured using Arnstein's concept (A Ladder of Citizen Participation) and showed the level of community participation at the informing level, which is included in the tokenism classification. This study’s results recommended assistance to local leaders to have similar goals as the government as the means of increasing community participation. The village leaders have greater influence or control because of their proximity to the community. As a consequence, community participation in the development of the Agropolitan Area of Bandar Nawangan Sub-district, Pacitan Regency will be escalated.</p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>agropolitan, participation level, arnstein</p> Jenvia Rista Pratiwi, Rita Parmawati; Ridwan Muhamad Rifai Copyright (c) 2023 Jenvia Rista Pratiwi, Rita Parmawati; Ridwan Muhamad Rifai Thu, 10 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Environmental Conservation-Based Sustainable Tourism at Mount Baung Nature Tourism Park, Indonesia <p>Mount Baung Natural Tourism Park (MBNTP) is a nature conservation area located in the upstream region of the Pasuruan Regency. MBNTP has interesting biodiversity and natural landscapes that need to be preserved. The aims of this research are: 1) to analyze the function of the MBNTP as a tourism and conservation area, and 2) to analyze the tourist attraction that is by the function of the conservation area. This study uses a quantitative approach and the technique of taking the number of samples by means of quoting. This type of research is observational. The type of data used is primary data collected through observation, interviews, and documentation. Documentation to collect secondary data. The analytical method used is modified indicators ADO-ODTWA (Object Operational Area Analysis of Natural Tourism Parks) and AHP (Analytical Hierarchy Process) which aim to analyze tourism and conservation activities and the influence of area designation in developing the beauty of bird tourism. A study on modifications of ADO-ODTWA and AHP found that MBNTP is consistent in maintaining and controlling the function of the area as a conservation and tourism activity, not as a main activity. The results of the study also show that the attractions that are in accordance with the function of the area are bird watching. However, most bird species in the MBNTP area are not protected and only 4 (four) species have protected status. Because most tourists have an interest in the uniqueness of birds that are classified as rare, birdwatching is more suitable to be combined in one package with outbound tours.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> sustainable tourism; environmental conservation; and tourist attractions</p> Joyti Joyti, Satti Wagistina Copyright (c) 2023 Joyti Joyti, Satti Wagistina Fri, 25 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0000