Pesticides and Chemical Fertilizer are not Negatively Impact the Diversity of Entomopathogenic Fungi on Rice Plant in Malang Indonesia


  • Rose Novita Sari Handoko Agrotechnology, University of Islam Malang, Malang, Indonesia
  • Aminudin Afandhi Plant Protection, University of Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia
  • Amin Setyo Leksono Biology, University of Brawijaya, Malang Indonesia
  • Mufidah Afiyanti Biology, University of Brawijaya, Malang Indonesia
  • Tri Suyono Mechanical Engineering, University of Khairun, Ternate, Indonesia



rhizosphere, entomopathogen fungi, conventional system of rice


The conventional system of rice plantation has been applied in Malang, Indonesia. Standard chemical fertilizer and pesticide application were used in this field. Soil samples in rhizosphere of rice plantation showed the existence of several entomopathogenic fungi including Penicillium sp, Aspergillus sp, Trichoderma sp and some unidentified fungi. The diversity value also demonstrated a medium diversity. We conclude that an application of pesticides and chemical fertilizer according to recommended practices, are not negatively affect the diversity of entomopathogenic fungi. Aspergillus sp and Penicilium sp can cause death against Spodoptera litura.