Slum Resettlement Along Brantas Riverbanks Case Study at Malang City, East Java
AbstractUrban redevelopment and slum resettlement have become critical issues in many towns in Indonesia. Urban resettlement, however, is one of the most complicated and difficult challenges. Malang City, one of the representative towns in Indonesia tried to displace the slums from the high risk areas along Brantas riverbanks to the RUSUNAWA in 2012. However the result was quite different from the governmentâ€™s intentions. This study will describe the slums living conditions and analyze their reasons did not leaved high risks zones. The objectives are to understand the dwellersâ€™ incentives to move from the viewpoints of the economy, the living conditions, community ties, and the dwellersâ€™ opportunistic responses. One hundred slum households lived closest to the riverbanks were interviewed. This study revealed that the living conditions in the slums were not necessarily bad and that the slum dwellers had strong economic incentives to continue living there. Nevertheless, they realized that as illegal squatters, they did not have enough incentives to leave from the slums, even with the high risks. Alternative facilities for living and economic activities that could give enough incentives to resettle have not been provided yet by government. Â Keywords: RUSUNAWA, high risk zones, slum living conditions, incentives
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).