Japanâ€™s Second Kennedy Round (SKR) Program in Indonesia: Case Studies on Shallot and Wheat
Many agricultural assistance programs are provided by local governments and foreign donors. However, even with such active support for agriculture, the impact of the programs still falls short of the expected results. This study focused on shallot and wheat projects in Indonesia funded by Japanâ€™s Second Kennedy Round (SKR) program. A survey was conducted in March 2013; to determine farmersâ€™ perceptions of such projects by observing the following:Â the socioeconomic characteristics of the farmers, the farmersâ€™ assessments of the projects benefits and obstacles, and farming feasibility as the comparison and to argue the in-depth interview result. Japan's grant aid through SKR Program claimed by Japanese and Indonesian side, has been effectively implemented resulted from the benefits gained by the underprivileged farmers. However, based on the assessment of farmerâ€™s perception, there are many obstacles faced by the farmer as beneficiaries of the program showed by cross-tabulation analysis and compared by its farming feasibility.
Keywords: SKR Program, farmersâ€™ assessments, grant aid
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).