The Influence of The Environment And Motherâ€™s Behaviour Towards Toddlersâ€™ Diarrhea in Banjarbaru, South Kalimantan
Diarrhea is a disease that causes high fatality in toddlers all over the world. 1.5 million children die each year due to suffering from diarrhea. Diarrhea is still a major health problem in Banjarbaru, it is included in the top 10 diseaseas in every year. Bad water quality, bad sanitation facility and motherâ€™s unhygienic behaviour are the major cause of diarrhea in toddlers. This research aims to analyze the influence of the environment quality and motherâ€™s behaviour towards toddlersâ€™ diarrhea in Banjarbaru. The research variable consists of the well quality, family latrines, wastewater disposal facility, bacteriological quality of the well water, motherâ€™s clean and healthy living behaviours (PHBS or Perilaku Hidup Bersih dan Sehat) as well as the incidence of diarrhea in toddlers. It is conducted in Landasan Ulin Public Health Center and North Banjarbaru Public Health Center with total sample of 50 toddlers. The data analysis used is univariate, bivariate and multivariate. The results showed that the motherâ€™s PHBS (p = 0.005; OR = 13,077) and the bacteriological quality of the well water (p = 0,041; OR = 6,966) became the most influential variables of this toddlersâ€™ diarrhea. The activities that are required in order to control the diarrheal diseases in Banjarbaru are change the mothersâ€™ behaviour in the prevention of toddlersâ€™ diarrhea, improve the environment quality with Community Lead Total Sanitation Program (STBM or Sanitasi Total Berbasis Masyarakat), making a Local Regulation for wastewater management, an enhancement of officers for prevention and control of diarrhea and awarding donations for low-income citizens.
Key words: diarrhea, motherâ€™s behaviour, sanitation,Â water,Â
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