Sustainability Analysis of Kanigoro Urban Settlement Distribution


  • Trisno Widodo Environmental Science Doctoral Programme, Post Graduate Program, University of Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia
  • Antariksa Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, University of Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia
  • Fadillah Putra Department of Public Administration, Faculty of Administrative Science, University of Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia
  • Septiana Hariyani Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Faculty of Engineering, University of Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia



Cities, as centers of activity, develop because they provide many facilities compared to rural areas.  After being established as the capital of Blitar Regency based on Government Regulation No. 3/2010 dated January 5, 2010, Kanigoro experienced a shift from rural to urban land use followed by an increase in population, causing the quality of the environment to decline, requiring the structuring of sustainable urban development from social, economic, and environmental aspects. This study examines the development pattern of urban settlements with an environmental perspective in order to build an understanding of the spatial growth process that occurs in urbanization and urban formation in a small suburban area. This research uses a quantitative approach from secondary data analysis. Initial identification of urban areas using Arc GIS, to analyze land use conditions, especially settlements using secondary data images in 2022 so as to obtain land use and settlement area maps in 2022. Kanigoro Urban Settlement area develops following grid and linear patterns, following road access and service trade. The thick rural urban mix is mostly agricultural and residential. The ecological approach of Kanigoro Urban tends to be differentiated, the population lives scattered in convenient areas that are easy to reach, spatial expression is fragmented, including "bridgeheaders" prioritized settlements near the city center, leaning centrifugal style, urban functions from inside the city to the outside. Based on the land use and spatial pattern of settlement distribution, Kanigoro Urban is proposed to use the stellar/radial city model.

Keywords: Land Use, Sustainability, Urban Settlements